This report presents conclusions and recommendations offered at a World Water Day Learning Forum, “Making Progress on Global Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Challenges,” held at CSIS on March 21, 2011. Sessions focused on the role of the private sector in water supply; achieving operational sustainability; the relevance of climate change adaptation programs for the WASH sector; and how to promote transparency and accountability within WASH programs.
“Community Eco-Sanitation Toilets India” which have been developed and published in 2008 by the Wherever the Need (WTN) with support from the Industry’s Humanitarian Support Alliance (IHSAN), the case study seek to encourage self sustaining, ecological projects generated through the self empowerment of the people themselves.
This report “Community-Municipal Corporation-NGO Partnership for City-wide Pro-poor Slums’ Infrastructure Improvement” is an outcome of a joint documentation and review done by local women’s groups, Women’s Action for Village Empowerment (WAVE) Federation, the NGO Gramalaya, Tiruchirappalli City Corporation (TCC) officials and WaterAid in 2008. It has been undertaken to draw policy recommendations from the experience of community-managed toilets, and bathing and washing complexes in the slums of the city of Tiruchirappalli during July 2006. It also sought to understand the benefits of CMTs and the challenges facing this model after six years of experimentation and draw out lessons for building on this success.
The safe disposal of human waste (sanitation) by building and maintaining toilets and washing hands prevents the spread of germs and is necessary for good health. This Chapter 7 “Building Toilets”, has been taken from the resource book - A Community Guide to Environmental Health, published in 2008 by the Hesperian Foundation, is a manual that looks at the various aspects of sanitation and toilet building, including understanding sanitation needs of different groups (men, women, children, disabled), planning for toilets for rural areas, cities/towns and emergencies and looks at the various toilet options available and methods to set up each one of them.
Read the manual
"Handbook on Community-led Total Sanitation", written by Kamal Kar and Robert Chambers and published by the Institute of Development Studies Sussex and Plan India in March 2008, is a manual that contains comprehensive information on Community-led Total Sanitation, its pre-triggering, triggering and post-triggering stages, as well as examples and case studies from around the world, including India. The manual will enable communities to analyse their sanitation conditions and collectively understand the impact of open defecation on public health and their environment.
Villagers in Salkot, western Surkhet, have to produce a “sanitation card” when applying for services from the Village Development Committee (VDC).
The “sanitation card” system was introduced in Salkot in mid April 2011 when it was declared an open defecation free zone. The card contains information on whether the house of the card holder has a toilet and has pledged to no longer practice open defecation.
From Kulwant Singh, UN-HABITAT, New Delhi
Posted 28 August 2007
Under the Water for Asian Cities Programme, UN-HABITAT is working in four cities of Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore and Jabalpur) for improvement and expansion of urban water supply, sewerage and sanitation, water drainage and solid waste management. UN-HABITAT has set up a revolving fund for financing small community managed water and sanitation initiatives in the project towns of Madhya Pradesh. A set of guidelines for the revolving fund, duly endorsed by the State Government of Madhya Pradesh, have been developed for this purpose. The revolving funds are so far working quite satisfactorily.
From R. K. Anil, Endogenous Tourism, UNDP, New Delhi
Posted 21 February 2007
UNDP is implementing the Endogenous Tourism Project (ETP) in 36 villages spread over 20 states across the country, in collaboration with Government of India. The objective of this project is to provide sustainable livelihoods to communities in rural areas through tourism based on art, craft, and natural endowment. The project is being implemented in the field through grassroots NGOs and Panchayats.
Original Query: Prema Gera, United Nations Development Program (UNDP), New Delhi
Posted: 22 November 2005
UNDP has been supporting NGOs working in the area of community-based water resources management for some years now. The local communities comprising self-help groups, community-based organisations, water-users groups and federations have been experiencing a range of conflicts over water use both within communities as well as with external stakeholders in the area.
“What is ailing sanitation sector in India?” written by Depinder S Kapur in November 19, 2007 published by WaterAid India for World Toilet Day, studies show that sanitation is the most neglected and most off-track of the UN MDG targets and is vital for poverty reduction and represents a driver for development.