Sanitation services are necessary to support urban stability, enable social balance, economic growth and development and are imperative for the improvement of urban public services. In the absence of proper sanitation, people suffer from high levels of infectious, contagious, water borne, air borne and vector borne diseases leading to high incidences of morbidity and mortality. This directly affects the ability of a country to maintain an efficient economy and implies great personal suffering among infected individuals and their families.
This report “Community-Municipal Corporation-NGO Partnership for City-wide Pro-poor Slums’ Infrastructure Improvement” is an outcome of a joint documentation and review done by local women’s groups, Women’s Action for Village Empowerment (WAVE) Federation, the NGO Gramalaya, Tiruchirappalli City Corporation (TCC) officials and WaterAid in 2008. It has been undertaken to draw policy recommendations from the experience of community-managed toilets, and bathing and washing complexes in the slums of the city of Tiruchirappalli during July 2006. It also sought to understand the benefits of CMTs and the challenges facing this model after six years of experimentation and draw out lessons for building on this success.
Objectives: To explore and explain patterns of use of communal latrine facilities in urban poverty pockets.
“Community-designed, built and managed toilet blocks in Indian cities", is an article by Sundar Burra, Sheela Patel and Thomas Kerr, published in the Environment & Urbanization Vol 15 No 2 on October 2003. This paper describes the ten-year programme of community-designed, -built and -managed toilet blocks undertaken by urban poor federations and women's cooperatives, with support from the Indian NGO SPARC.
"Sulabh Community Latrines: 12 Million Customers Daily", is a case study on Sulabh written in 2004. Every day, Sulabh provides sanitation to 12 million people and charges a small fee, demonstrating that even poor people are willing to pay to use a clean toilet. Sulabh is running over 6,000 community centers all over India, but this is still a drop in the ocean. The founder, Bindeshwar Pathak, says that over 150,000 such centres would be needed. The service is just breaking even, but now Pathak wants to create a new organisation that will allow him to expand further.
Read the case study