“CPHEEO manuals” is developed and published by The Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO), is Technical Wing of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, and deals with the matters related to urban water supply and sanitation including solid waste management in the country. The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, is nodal Ministry in charge of various aspects of Urban Development including Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in the Country.
The Government of India, Ministry of Urban Development developed and published the “National Urban Sanitation Policy” in 2008. The document is quite comprehensive and detailed. It lays out a vision for urban sanitation in India. It instructs states to come up with their own detailed state-level urban sanitation strategies and City Sanitation Plans. It moots the idea of totally sanitised and open-defecation cities as a target and the setting up of a multi-stakeholder City Sanitation Task Force to achieve this. Environmental considerations, public health implications and reaching the unserved and urban poor are given significant emphasis in the policy. Funding options are laid out including direct central and state support including through existing schemes, public-private partnerships, and external funding agencies. It directs that at least 20% of the funds should be earmarked towards servicing the urban poor. The Center also plans to institute awards to the best performing cities, reminiscent of the Nirmal Gram Puraskar awards for villages.
“Sustaining the Sanitation Revolution-India Country Paper” has been presented and published by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) for SACOSAN-III in 16-21 November 2008, paper is divided into two parts – rural and urban sanitation however, in both rural and urban spheres, it highlights the promising initiatives are underway to tackle the sanitation challenge in India.
Individual Health and hygiene is largely dependent on adequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation. There is, therefore, a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta, improper environmental sanitation and lack of personal and food hygiene have been major causes of many diseases in developing countries. India is no exception to this. Prevailing High Infant Mortality Rate is also largely attributed to poor sanitation.
“Results-Framework Document” has been developed and published in 2009-10 by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), is a manual about the rural households have access to and use safe and sustainable drinking water and improved sanitation facilities by providing support to States in their endeavour to provide these basic facilities and services.
“Toilets and More” published by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) in SACOSAN-III November 2008, is a manual about the dissemination in all countries for achieving the common goal of new standards of hygiene, health and empowerment for the people of South Asian Region.
“A Movement Towards Total Sanitation in India” is a ppt photo-essay, about the Total Sanitation Campaign of the Government of India.
Kharoudi village in Hoshiarpur district of Punjab is a "model" that understood the necessity of clean drinking water, sanitation, solid and liquid waste management and hygiene as a method to foster public health of the village community.
“Ensuring Water and Sanitation: The SHG way” written by Manu Prakash in 2005 and published by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India is a unique experiment where women were mobilized in groups and helped to acquire masonry and plumbing skills for constructing the household toilets and repairing of water and sanitation facilities on an entrepreneurial basis.
The Government of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare developed and published the “National Health Policy” in 1983. The document gave a general exposition of the policies. The biggest omission in the draft is the lack of any discussion on comprehensive and universal health care. In contrast the NHP 1983 had said: "India is committed to attaining the goal of ‘Health for All by the Year 2000 A.D.’ through the universal provision of comprehensive primary health care services". The National Health Policy was endorsed by the Parliament of India in 1983 and updated in 2002.