Goa slums best in the country; 71% have running water & 93% treated water

Panaji, Dec. 18, 2013: Data obtained by the 2011 census shows that Goa's slums are the best when compared to urban slums elsewhere in the country, with some slum dwellings even boasting of tiled floors and five bedrooms. In sharp contrast to this, houses in Margao's slum do not have latrines within the premises, though all the dwellings have bathrooms.

Analyzing information collected by the 2011 census predominantly from urban slums in Margao, Mormugao and Ponda, Chowgule College vice-principal Nandakumar Sawant said, "According to census definition, a slum is an unfit human habitat usually overcrowded, with dilapidated dwellings and poor sanitation. Goa's slums have been judged 'good' and 'livable', with few dilapidated structures." Over 90% of slum dwellings are permanent houses-98% in the case of Margao.

Some parameters like running water within the house (71%), electricity connections (97%) and treated drinking water (93%) for Goa's slums are higher than the average for Indian slums, and even the national average for all houses in India.

"A majority of slum houses in the state have cement flooring, and in Mormugao's slums, four out of ten houses have tiled flooring. Around 23% slum dwellings have more than two bedrooms, over 5% with five or more rooms (excluding the kitchen)," Sawant said, pointing out that many slum houses accommodate five to nine people.

Against this, Margao's Moti Dongor slum settlement does not have toilet facilities within the houses, and residents depend on the pay and use public toilets or urinate and defecate in the open. Strangely enough, all houses here have bathrooms, pointed out analysts.

"As urbanization increases in Goa, it is inevitable that the number of slums would also increase. In our research, we found that the 'push factor' from villages with poor connectivity, lack of job opportunities and other basic facilities has a greater role to pay that the "pull factor", or attractiveness of the cities, in people migrating from rural areas to urban slums," Sawant said.

He pointed out that census information would not only help record changes in a particular slum, but also gauge the impact of government schemes on slum dwellers. (Source: TNN)

13-12-2013 | Posted by Admin