The States of India Report highlighted several important dimensions of India’s journey to attain the MDGs by 2015. It highlighted that though India is nearly on track in reducing poverty at the national level to half of the proportion of people under national poverty line, as existed in 1990, by 2015, as many as 14 of the 35 States/UTs will fall short of their individual MDG-targets. It also highlighted that the situation in respect of food insecurity and malnourishments of children would be even worse as, by the year 2015 only 4 out of 29 major States of the country are likely to be able
to attain their MDG-targets for making the proportion of under-weight children below three years half of what it was in 1990. India is on-track or even ahead of targets on nearly all indicators related to universalisation of primary education, the report revealed. The report also observed that for promoting gender equality and empowerment of women, significantly good and on-the-track progress during the last five years in eliminating the gender disparity in the primary and secondary level of education has paved the way for equality of women’s participation in higher education.
As per gender parity index analyzed for the State/UTs of India in the report, it was observed that most of the States have already achieved the parity in favour of girls in the primary grade of education and nearly on track in achieving the same for secondary grade of education. The report also flagged the slow progress of India in reducing child mortality and improvement of maternal health. On the basis of state-wise data for the corresponding indicators presented in the report, it was clearly evident that as many as twenty out of twenty nine States of the country are likely to miss their U5MR targets by 2015. In the recent years, the Country has shown sharp decline in IMR and a similar trend was observed in most of the States. Though India and most of the States/UTs are on track, the overall mortality risk for the children are going to persist due to lack of medical attention and preventive measures for the deaths of the neo-natal children. The maternal mortality risk in the country was found to have reduced fast in the recent past and the coverage of deliveries under the attention of skilled personnel have improved significantly during the last five years. However, it was observed that there are wide variations from state to state and the corresponding MDG-targets would not be
achieved both at the national level as well as for majority of the States/UTs. Read More